2. colonist, colonial, inhabitant
Came across this while reading about the Roman empire. A colonus was essentially a serf. Free, but tied to the land and could not travel. Colo is apparently root for cultivate, till. Which makes it obvious why colonies were called what they were.
I bet you thought it was going to be about the colon. Now, how is the root colo and colon related? In politics, where politician cultivate a lot of shit. Maybe they could be called … colonicians?